Ethers

Family information

Ethers are commonly used as solvents, and are used commonly in organic chemistry and biochemistry. The term "ether" used to mean diethyl ether, which was an anesthetic since banned due to its toxicity.

Structure

Ethers are composed of two carbon chains separated by an oxygen. They can be classified as either simple (symmetrical) or mixed (asymmetrical). If R and R' are the same then the ether is considered simple.
structure

Nomenclature

Ethers are named by joining the two name of the chains with an "oxy". The -yl suffix of the first chain is omitted.
(Smallest branch minus -yl)oxy(Parent chain)

Properties

Polarity:
Slightly polar, more than hydrocarbons. Does not form hydrogen bonds.
Solubility:
Soluble in both polar and non polar substances.
Forces:
Stronger intermolecular forces than hydrocarbons.
Rectivity:
Unreactive.

# IUPAC Name Family Condensed Imperical MP BP Polarity Image
7 ethoxyethane Ethers CH3CH2OCH2CH3 C4OH10 -116°C 34°C Slightly Polar ethoxyethane
30 Methoxymethane Ethers CH3OCH3 C2H6O -141°C -24°C Polar Methoxymethane
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